So far we've learned the basics of building Python GUI applications with Qt. In this tutorial we'll take what we've learned and apply it to creating a custom web browser -- Mozzerella Ashbadger -- in Python.
Mozzerella Ashbadger is the latest revolution in web browsing! Go back and forward! Save files! Get help! (you'll need it). Any similarity to other browsers is entirely coincidental.
QtWebEngineWidgets is not included in the main PyQt5 repository. If you see errors when running this relating to this module, you can install it using
pip install PyQtWebEngine
The full source code for MooseAche is available in the 15 minute apps repository. You can download/clone to get a working copy, then install requirements using:
pip3 install -r requirements.txt
You can then run MooseAche with:
Read on for a walkthrough of how the code works.
The browser widget
The core of our browser is the
QWebView which we import from
PyQt5. QtWebEngineWidgets. This provides a complete browser window, which handles the rendering of the downloaded pages.
Below is the bare-minimum of code required to use web browser widget in PyQt.
from PyQt5.QtCore import * from PyQt5.QtWidgets import * from PyQt5.QtGui import * from PyQt5.QtWebEngineWidgets import * import sys class MainWindow(QMainWindow): def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): super(MainWindow,self).__init__(*args, **kwargs) self.browser = QWebEngineView() self.browser.setUrl(QUrl("http://www.google.com")) self.setCentralWidget(self.browser) self.show() app = QApplication(sys.argv) window = MainWindow() app.exec_()
If you click around a bit you'll discover that the browser behaves as expected — links work correctly, and you can interact with the pages. However, you'll also notice things you take for granted are missing — like an URL bar, controls or any sort of interface whatsoever. This makes it a little tricky to use. In the next part we'll extend this basic skeleton of a browser and add some navigation controls.